Security :: Encrypted Password - Sort Of Encryption Or Decryption In Order To Verify The Credentials

Jun 16, 2010

For our website, we have decided we would like to maintain our user passwords as encrypted binary data in our database. We are using ASP.NET 3.5 to host our site and SQL Server Express 2008 for the database, both running on the same server. When a user logs in and submits a username and password, there will need to be some sort of encryption or decryption in order to verify the credentials. To me, it would appear that there are 3 ways to do this:

1)[C# Encyrption] On User creation, perform encryption in the Web App and submit the encrypted password to the database. To verify credentials at Login, perform the same encryption on the submitted password and ensure that it matches the value stored in the database.

2)[SQL Encryption] On User creation, submit the plain-text password to the database and have it perform one of the SQL encryption variants during INSERT. To verify credentials at Login, have the database perform decryption on the password during the SELECT statement, and compare the plain-text submitted password to the one in the database.

3)[Mix] On User creation, submit the plain-text password to the database, and have it perform one of the SQL encryption variants during INSERT. To verify credentials at Login, perform the same encryption algorithm used by SQL on the submitted password ( is this possible? ), and ensure that it matches the value stored in the database.

Does anybody have an opinion as to which of these options is best? Number 1) is the most familiar to me, and would be the easiest to use with LINQ to SQL ( which is our current data model ), so I am leaning towards that. But if there are better options I would love to know about them.

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